TDD 构建 Laravel 应用之利用 Tailwind 构建 UI

本系列文章为 laracasts.com 的系列视频教程 ——Build A Laravel App With TDD 的学习笔记,若喜欢该系列视频,可去该网站订阅后下载该系列视频, 支持正版

由于使用的 Tailwind 版本不一致,本节笔记和视频稍有出入。

首先在 app.scss 中删除 bootstrap 依赖,然后执行

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npm run watch

然后在 tailwind.config.js 中输入如下配置:

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module.exports = {
prefix: '',
important: false,
separator: ':',
theme: {
screens: {
sm: '640px',
md: '768px',
lg: '1024px',
xl: '1280px',
},
colors: {
transparent: 'transparent',

black: '#000',
white: '#fff',

gray: {
100: '#f5f6f9',
200: '#edf2f7',
300: '#e2e8f0',
400: '#cbd5e0',
500: '#a0aec0',
600: '#718096',
700: '#4a5568',
800: '#2d3748',
900: '#1a202c',
},
red: {
100: '#fff5f5',
200: '#fed7d7',
300: '#feb2b2',
400: '#fc8181',
500: '#f56565',
600: '#e53e3e',
700: '#c53030',
800: '#9b2c2c',
900: '#742a2a',
},
orange: {
100: '#fffaf0',
200: '#feebc8',
300: '#fbd38d',
400: '#f6ad55',
500: '#ed8936',
600: '#dd6b20',
700: '#c05621',
800: '#9c4221',
900: '#7b341e',
},
yellow: {
100: '#fffff0',
200: '#fefcbf',
300: '#faf089',
400: '#f6e05e',
500: '#ecc94b',
600: '#d69e2e',
700: '#b7791f',
800: '#975a16',
900: '#744210',
},
green: {
100: '#f0fff4',
200: '#c6f6d5',
300: '#9ae6b4',
400: '#68d391',
500: '#48bb78',
600: '#38a169',
700: '#2f855a',
800: '#276749',
900: '#22543d',
},
teal: {
100: '#e6fffa',
200: '#b2f5ea',
300: '#81e6d9',
400: '#4fd1c5',
500: '#38b2ac',
600: '#319795',
700: '#2c7a7b',
800: '#285e61',
900: '#234e52',
},
blue: {
100: '#ebf8ff',
200: '#bee3f8',
300: '#90cdf4',
400: '#63b3ed',
500: '#4299e1',
600: '#3182ce',
700: '#2b6cb0',
800: '#2c5282',
900: '#2a4365',
},
indigo: {
100: '#ebf4ff',
200: '#c3dafe',
300: '#a3bffa',
400: '#7f9cf5',
500: '#667eea',
600: '#5a67d8',
700: '#4c51bf',
800: '#434190',
900: '#3c366b',
},
purple: {
100: '#faf5ff',
200: '#e9d8fd',
300: '#d6bcfa',
400: '#b794f4',
500: '#9f7aea',
600: '#805ad5',
700: '#6b46c1',
800: '#553c9a',
900: '#44337a',
},
pink: {
100: '#fff5f7',
200: '#fed7e2',
300: '#fbb6ce',
400: '#f687b3',
500: '#ed64a6',
600: '#d53f8c',
700: '#b83280',
800: '#97266d',
900: '#702459',
},
},
spacing: {
px: '1px',
'0': '0',
'1': '0.25rem',
'2': '0.5rem',
'3': '0.75rem',
'4': '1rem',
'5': '1.25rem',
'6': '1.5rem',
'8': '2rem',
'10': '2.5rem',
'12': '3rem',
'16': '4rem',
'20': '5rem',
'24': '6rem',
'32': '8rem',
'40': '10rem',
'48': '12rem',
'56': '14rem',
'64': '16rem',
},
backgroundColor: theme => theme('colors'),
backgroundPosition: {
bottom: 'bottom',
center: 'center',
left: 'left',
'left-bottom': 'left bottom',
'left-top': 'left top',
right: 'right',
'right-bottom': 'right bottom',
'right-top': 'right top',
top: 'top',
},
backgroundSize: {
auto: 'auto',
cover: 'cover',
contain: 'contain',
},
borderColor: theme => ({
...theme('colors'),
default: theme('colors.gray.300', 'currentColor'),
}),
borderRadius: {
none: '0',
sm: '0.125rem',
default: '0.25rem',
lg: '0.5rem',
full: '9999px',
},
borderWidth: {
default: '1px',
'0': '0',
'2': '2px',
'4': '4px',
'8': '8px',
},
boxShadow: {
default: '0 0 5px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08)',
md: '0 4px 6px -1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1), 0 2px 4px -1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.06)',
lg: '0 10px 15px -3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1), 0 4px 6px -2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05)',
xl: '0 20px 25px -5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1), 0 10px 10px -5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.04)',
'2xl': '0 25px 50px -12px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.25)',
inner: 'inset 0 2px 4px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.06)',
outline: '0 0 0 3px rgba(66, 153, 225, 0.5)',
none: 'none',
},
container: {},
cursor: {
auto: 'auto',
default: 'default',
pointer: 'pointer',
wait: 'wait',
text: 'text',
move: 'move',
'not-allowed': 'not-allowed',
},
fill: {
current: 'currentColor',
},
flex: {
'1': '1 1 0%',
auto: '1 1 auto',
initial: '0 1 auto',
none: 'none',
},
flexGrow: {
'0': '0',
default: '1',
},
flexShrink: {
'0': '0',
default: '1',
},
fontFamily: {
sans: [
'-apple-system',
'BlinkMacSystemFont',
'"Segoe UI"',
'Roboto',
'"Helvetica Neue"',
'Arial',
'"Noto Sans"',
'sans-serif',
'"Apple Color Emoji"',
'"Segoe UI Emoji"',
'"Segoe UI Symbol"',
'"Noto Color Emoji"',
],
serif: [
'Georgia',
'Cambria',
'"Times New Roman"',
'Times',
'serif',
],
mono: [
'Menlo',
'Monaco',
'Consolas',
'"Liberation Mono"',
'"Courier New"',
'monospace',
],
},
fontSize: {
xs: '0.75rem',
sm: '0.875rem',
base: '1rem',
lg: '1.125rem',
xl: '1.25rem',
'2xl': '1.5rem',
'3xl': '1.875rem',
'4xl': '2.25rem',
'5xl': '3rem',
'6xl': '4rem',
},
fontWeight: {
hairline: '100',
thin: '200',
light: '300',
normal: '400',
medium: '500',
semibold: '600',
bold: '700',
extrabold: '800',
black: '900',
},
height: theme => ({
auto: 'auto',
...theme('spacing'),
full: '100%',
screen: '100vh',
}),
inset: {
'0': '0',
auto: 'auto',
},
letterSpacing: {
tighter: '-0.05em',
tight: '-0.025em',
normal: '0',
wide: '0.025em',
wider: '0.05em',
widest: '0.1em',
},
lineHeight: {
none: '1',
tight: '1.25',
snug: '1.375',
normal: '1.5',
relaxed: '1.625',
loose: '2',
},
listStyleType: {
none: 'none',
disc: 'disc',
decimal: 'decimal',
},
margin: (theme, { negative }) => ({
auto: 'auto',
...theme('spacing'),
...negative(theme('spacing')),
}),
maxHeight: {
full: '100%',
screen: '100vh',
},
maxWidth: {
xs: '20rem',
sm: '24rem',
md: '28rem',
lg: '32rem',
xl: '36rem',
'2xl': '42rem',
'3xl': '48rem',
'4xl': '56rem',
'5xl': '64rem',
'6xl': '72rem',
full: '100%',
},
minHeight: {
'0': '0',
full: '100%',
screen: '100vh',
},
minWidth: {
'0': '0',
full: '100%',
},
objectPosition: {
bottom: 'bottom',
center: 'center',
left: 'left',
'left-bottom': 'left bottom',
'left-top': 'left top',
right: 'right',
'right-bottom': 'right bottom',
'right-top': 'right top',
top: 'top',
},
opacity: {
'0': '0',
'25': '0.25',
'50': '0.5',
'75': '0.75',
'100': '1',
},
order: {
first: '-9999',
last: '9999',
none: '0',
'1': '1',
'2': '2',
'3': '3',
'4': '4',
'5': '5',
'6': '6',
'7': '7',
'8': '8',
'9': '9',
'10': '10',
'11': '11',
'12': '12',
},
padding: theme => theme('spacing'),
stroke: {
current: 'currentColor',
},
textColor: theme => theme('colors'),
width: theme => ({
auto: 'auto',
...theme('spacing'),
'1/2': '50%',
'1/3': '33.333333%',
'2/3': '66.666667%',
'1/4': '25%',
'2/4': '50%',
'3/4': '75%',
'1/5': '20%',
'2/5': '40%',
'3/5': '60%',
'4/5': '80%',
'1/6': '16.666667%',
'2/6': '33.333333%',
'3/6': '50%',
'4/6': '66.666667%',
'5/6': '83.333333%',
'1/12': '8.333333%',
'2/12': '16.666667%',
'3/12': '25%',
'4/12': '33.333333%',
'5/12': '41.666667%',
'6/12': '50%',
'7/12': '58.333333%',
'8/12': '66.666667%',
'9/12': '75%',
'10/12': '83.333333%',
'11/12': '91.666667%',
full: '100%',
screen: '100vw',
}),
zIndex: {
auto: 'auto',
'0': '0',
'10': '10',
'20': '20',
'30': '30',
'40': '40',
'50': '50',
},
},
variants: {
accessibility: ['responsive', 'focus'],
alignContent: ['responsive'],
alignItems: ['responsive'],
alignSelf: ['responsive'],
appearance: ['responsive'],
backgroundAttachment: ['responsive'],
backgroundColor: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
backgroundPosition: ['responsive'],
backgroundRepeat: ['responsive'],
backgroundSize: ['responsive'],
borderCollapse: ['responsive'],
borderColor: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
borderRadius: ['responsive'],
borderStyle: ['responsive'],
borderWidth: ['responsive'],
boxShadow: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
cursor: ['responsive'],
display: ['responsive'],
fill: ['responsive'],
flex: ['responsive'],
flexDirection: ['responsive'],
flexGrow: ['responsive'],
flexShrink: ['responsive'],
flexWrap: ['responsive'],
float: ['responsive'],
fontFamily: ['responsive'],
fontSize: ['responsive'],
fontSmoothing: ['responsive'],
fontStyle: ['responsive'],
fontWeight: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
height: ['responsive'],
inset: ['responsive'],
justifyContent: ['responsive'],
letterSpacing: ['responsive'],
lineHeight: ['responsive'],
listStylePosition: ['responsive'],
listStyleType: ['responsive'],
margin: ['responsive'],
maxHeight: ['responsive'],
maxWidth: ['responsive'],
minHeight: ['responsive'],
minWidth: ['responsive'],
objectFit: ['responsive'],
objectPosition: ['responsive'],
opacity: ['responsive'],
order: ['responsive'],
outline: ['responsive', 'focus'],
overflow: ['responsive'],
padding: ['responsive'],
pointerEvents: ['responsive'],
position: ['responsive'],
resize: ['responsive'],
stroke: ['responsive'],
tableLayout: ['responsive'],
textAlign: ['responsive'],
textColor: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
textDecoration: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
textTransform: ['responsive'],
userSelect: ['responsive'],
verticalAlign: ['responsive'],
visibility: ['responsive'],
whitespace: ['responsive'],
width: ['responsive'],
wordBreak: ['responsive'],
zIndex: ['responsive'],
},
corePlugins: {},
plugins: [],
}

修改布局文件 layouts/app.blade.php

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

<!-- CSRF Token -->
<meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">

<title>{{ config('app.name', 'Laravel') }}</title>

<!-- Scripts -->
<script src="{{ asset('js/app.js') }}" defer></script>

<!-- Fonts -->
<link rel="dns-prefetch" href="//fonts.gstatic.com">
<link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Nunito" rel="stylesheet">

<!-- Styles -->
<link href="{{ asset('css/app.css') }}" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body class="bg-gray-100">
<div id="app">
<nav class="bg-white">
<div class="container mx-auto">
<div class="flex justify-between items-center py-2">
<a class="navbar-brand" href="{{ url('/') }}">
{{ config('app.name', 'Laravel') }}
</a>

<div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navbarSupportedContent">

<!-- Right Side Of Navbar -->
<ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto">
<!-- Authentication Links -->
@guest
<li class="nav-item">
<a class="nav-link" href="{{ route('login') }}">{{ __('Login') }}</a>
</li>
@if (Route::has('register'))
<li class="nav-item">
<a class="nav-link" href="{{ route('register') }}">{{ __('Register') }}</a>
</li>
@endif
@else
<li class="nav-item dropdown">
<a id="navbarDropdown" class="nav-link dropdown-toggle" href="#" role="button" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false" v-pre>
{{ Auth::user()->name }} <span class="caret"></span>
</a>

<div class="dropdown-menu dropdown-menu-right" aria-labelledby="navbarDropdown">
<a class="dropdown-item" href="{{ route('logout') }}"
onclick="event.preventDefault();
document.getElementById('logout-form').submit();">
{{ __('Logout') }}
</a>

<form id="logout-form" action="{{ route('logout') }}" method="POST" style="display: none;">
@csrf
</form>
</div>
</li>
@endguest
</ul>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</nav>

<main class="container mx-auto py-4">
@yield('content')
</main>
</div>
</body>
</html>

修改 projects/index.blade.php 文件:

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@extends('layouts.app')

@section('content')
<div class="flex items-center mb-3">
<h1 class="mr-auto">Birdboard</h1>
<a href="/projects/create">New Project</a>
</div>

<div class="flex">
@forelse($projects as $project)
<div class="bg-white mr-4 p-5 rounded shadow w-1/3">
<h3 class="font-normal text-xl py-4">{{ $project->title }}</h3>

<div class="text-gray-500">{{ \Illuminate\Support\Str::limit($project->description, 100) }}</div>
</div>
@empty
<div>No project yet.</div>
@endforelse
</div>

@endsection

目前头部导航样式还不尽如人意,之后再做优化。